Common Foot Problems And Its Treatments

You give your feet a lot of punishment everyday from walking, running, jumping, and climbing, therefore obviously, these are typically susceptible to various sorts of issues.

From injuries to irritation, various forms of damage and malfunctions may cause foot issues.

Your foot is constructed of 26 bones, which makes it one of the most complicated body part. Aging, inappropriate shoes or sandals, and diabetic issues are the main reason of various foot issues. In this short article, we will tell you about the most basic foot issues, their particular causes, and about their treatments.

BUNIONS

BUNIONS

Bunions are a problem associated with the feet that cause a bump to grow from the big toe joint. This may result in the toe to bend inward.

Females have more chances to have bunions as a result of increased stress from sturdy footwear.

Factors

Tight footwear from toe may cause bunions to grow. Narrow footwear place pressure on the joint of the metatarsal, that is located where the toe of the feet connect with bone of your feet.

If your father or mother or your grandparents have bunions than it is also possible that you will also get bunions. Furthermore, few problems, just like polio, rheumatoid or arthritis, raise the chances of having a bunion.

Signs

These following signs can be seen in the people who have bunions:

On the side of the feet, a noticeable bump can be seen.

Pain in the big toe or around it.

Below the big toe, there is a callus or corn on bone.

Facing problem in moving the big toe.

One can feel pain in the big toe while walking.

Therapy

Constant therapy measures will often improve the signs of a bunion. People should use proper footwears without a big heel. To protect the bunion from extra pressure, you could purchase a bunion pad at a footwear store.

To reduce the inflammation you can also apply ice for ten minutes.

You can also go to the podiatrist who did a specialization in foot care can suggest you proper footwear or inserts that can help to realign the big toe. But if someone is continuously feeling pain in the big toe than they may go for surgery.

DIABETIC NEUROPATHY

DIABETIC NEUROPATHY

People who have diabetes are more likely to have a change in blood sugar levels. Diabetic neuropathy is not one problem, however a collection of issues that harm your feet as a result of diabetic problems.

Reasons

High blood sugar can harm your nerves, specifically those in your feet. Different factors make the nerve damage more dangerous, just like smoking background, alcoholism, or family background with diabetic neuropathy.

Symptoms

Feet pain, numbness, and tingling are some symptoms of diabetic neuropathy due to which a person can’t feel the cuts or injuries in the feet because of lack of feeling which leads to greater risk.

Therapy

You can treat diabetic neuropathy by control your blood sugar and maintain good health. Nerve damage cannot be reversed by a doctor. A doctor can only suggest some treatments to avoid it from getting more worse.

PLANTAR FASCIITIS

PLANTAR FASCIITIS

According to the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS). Plantar fasciitis is considered as the most common reason for heel pain, by the

Plantar fasciitis happens due to the inflammation of the tissue on the bottom of the feet known as the plantar fascia.

Factors

There are not any particular causes of Plantar fasciitis, but there are some risk factors such as high arches, pressure on the heel due to different activities, and due to tight calf muscles.
Symptoms

The main reason for having pain on the heel is Plantar fasciitis. This pain usually hits you in the morning and during activities.

Treatment

People can treat their plantar fasciitis at home also. You can reduce the inflammation by giving rest and applying ice to your feet.  Pain can also be eliminated with the help of Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Always try to stretch your foot before and after any physical activity which can help in eliminating heel pain and the other thing that can help you out is wearing supportive shoes.

If someone condition is not getting better with any of these remedies, then you should go for physical treatment, or for additional treatments you can visit a podiatrist or an orthopedic doctor.

Steroid injections are suggested by a doctor to lessen pain, or perhaps a specialist may recommend custom-made orthotics to give you further assistance to your heel.

BLISTER

BLISTER

The occurrence of blisters are really a common thing, and at some point in life, most of the people experience it.

Sweaty feet make blisters more likely, and sometimes they usually occur after running or walking or due to improper fitting of shoes.

Blisters are a small bubble on the skin that is filled with fluid, but it is not typically a critical problem.

Let the blisters heal on its own and not to burst them. You can get some relief by applying a bandage. Go to a doctor if you got blisters frequently.

ATHLETE’S FOOT

ATHLETE'S FOOT

Athlete’s foot is a fungal disease of your skin, generally found in the center of the toes. However, the infection can be the reason for pain, itching, and discomfort also.

Causes

A person is most often subjected to the fungi that cause athlete’s foot within a gym, shower, or pool where people roam around shoeless. Fungus tends to thrive in hot, damp places.

Wearing shoes that are warm and damp can be the reason for the fungi. The situation is extremely contagious, and it may spread to many other parts of the skin, like the fingers, groin, and scalp.

Signs

Athlete’s foot irritates, cracking, blistering, and peeling of your foot. The problem typically starts in the center of the 4th and 5th toes, then spreads.

Treatment

People need to keep their foot dry and clean, and it is good to use a separate towel to dry them. You can get antifungal treatments in many pharmacies as sprays, powders, or lotions to apply to the foot.

If the condition gets worse after treatment, people should visit a doctor who can recommend antifungal drugs for the problem.

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