Lumbar fusion is a surgical procedure used to treat several spinal disorders and injuries. The surgery aims to prevent further damage by stabilizing the lumbar spine, especially when it has been damaged by degenerative disc disease, spinal stenosis, and other conditions. During a lumbar fusion Bethlehem, an incision is made in the back near the midline of the spine, and part of the lumbar vertebrae is removed.
Another bone segment, often taken from another part of the body, is then placed between the two remaining vertebrae to stabilize them. The bone graft is secured in place using metal plates, rods, dowels, or screws.
Here are the benefits of performing lumbar fusion;
Why is lumbar fusion performed?
Improve stability: Lumbar fusion surgery is a surgical procedure used to treat the problem of spinal instability. Spinal instability occurs when there is too much movement between the vertebrae and discs in the spine. This abnormal movement can cause pain, numbness, weakness, or loss of bladder or bowel control.
Lumbar fusion surgery involves removing the damaged disc material, removing any protruding bone spurs that may be irritating nerves in the lower back, and then fusing two or more vertebrae with screws and other hardware to provide stability and stop motion in the affected area. The goal of lumbar fusion surgery is to relieve pain caused by spinal instability by stabilizing the damaged area of your spine.
Correct a deformity: A lumbar fusion can correct a deformity caused by an injury or spinal stenosis- the narrowing of the spinal canal. In either case, the fusion will restore the normal alignment of your spine.
Relieve nerve pain: Lumbar fusion can relieve pressure on your spinal nerves and relieve back pain. The vertebrae are fused together, increasing your spine’s stability and reducing stress on your discs and nerve roots.
Reduce leg pain from sciatica: A lumbar fusion can sometimes reduce leg pain caused by sciatica. But this is not always successful since the cause of sciatica may be related to other structures in the body, such as a herniated disc or bone spur, rather than just compression of the nerve root where it exits from your spinal column into your pelvic region.
Treats painful degenerative disc disease: Lumbar fusion treats painful degenerative disc disease by removing the damaged disc and stabilizing the spinal column with metal plates and screws. This relieves pressure on nerves that have been impinged. The procedure also allows for the decompression of nerve roots at the site of impingement.
Lumbar fusion can stabilize the spine so it will not move out of position in cases of an unstable spinal column due to an injury or abnormality present at birth.
Can treat facet joint arthritis: Over time, wear and tear on your joints can cause them to become inflamed and damaged. The facet joints connect vertebrae and allow you to move your spine freely. When damaged, they may cause pain and stiffness in the lower back, limiting mobility.
Lumbar fusion is a surgical procedure to fuse two or more vertebrae surgically. The procedure effectively relieves pain and improves function in patients with low back pain due to degenerative disc disease. Lumbar fusion aims to decrease the motion at the affected levels and remove stress (axial load) from the affected discs and adjacent segments. In addition, the procedure may help restore lost strength and mobility. Contact Polaris Spine & Neurosurgery Center experts to know more about lumbar fusion.