Modern web page design must be effective. Without this, your site will be lost among hundreds of analogues. Front-end developer latest technologies come to the rescue in creating a quality interface. But it’s not enough to blindly follow the front-end 2020 trends. You must adapt them to your business ideas and goals. The longer the internet has been around, the more personalization is valued. The future of front-end development is such that every site should 100% reflect the essence of the brand. The more recognizable the concept you can create, the higher the conversion will be. All this is also impossible without a quality product and a good reputation. Front-end trends 2020 brings together all of the above concepts. Now let’s talk in more detail about practical skills in this area.

What is front-end development?

Front-end is the elaboration of user interface and functions that run on the client side of a website or application. This is everything that a user sees when opening a web page and with which he interacts.

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Front-end developer collaborates with designers, programmers and UX analysts to create a user-friendly and in-demand product. To visually understand front-end development, open a page of any site – you will see an interface in front of you. Right-clicking it will open the page code in a browser. The page code describes colors, layout, fonts, arrangement of graphic elements, and so on.

Frontend development components

HTML (HyperText Markup Language) is a document markup language for creating page structure: headings, paragraphs and lists.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is a language for describing and styling the appearance of a document. Thanks to the CSS code, the browser understands exactly how to display the elements. CSS sets the colors and font parameters, determines how different blocks of the site will be located. It also allows you to display the same document in different styles:

• For print;

• To display on the screen;

• For reading by voice.

JavaScript is a language that was created to bring web pages to life. Its task is to react to user actions:

• Process mouse clicks;

• Move the cursor;

• Record keystrokes.

It also sends requests to the server, loads data without reloading the page, and allows messages to be entered.

What is back-end development?

Backend development is a list of hardware and software. The process is hidden from the user’s eyes and takes place outside his browser and computer. In simple words, a server is a computer, only more powerful. It stores data and responds to user requests. Back-end is the process of connecting the server with the user.


The back-end developer uses the tools available on his server. He has the right to choose any of the universal programming languages, for example, Ruby, PHP, Python, Java. It all depends on the specific project and the customer’s task. The responsibilities of a back-end developer vary greatly from product to product. Such a specialist can create and integrate databases, provide security, or customize backup and recovery technologies.

How do front-end and back-end interact?

The interaction between frontend and backend happens in a circle:

• Front-end sends user information to the back-end;

• Information is being processed;

• The data is returned back in an intelligible form.

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Various specialists are engaged in these works, but it is desirable for each of them to understand the principles by which colleagues work. Even for an interface designer, it is important to know at least in general terms what the back-end of the project he is doing is.