The best coffee roasters never stop working on their coffee roasting skills. From using the best coffee roasting machines to trying different types of coffee and practising the art repeatedly, they never give up on enhancing their coffee roasting skills.

When it comes to beginners, coffee roasting is an art that they need to practise for many years, to reach a point of perfection. Well, practising the coffee roasting skills does not mean that it is a complicated process.

The process of roasting coffee might be a messy one, but it is easy. If you are looking forward to learning coffee roasting, then this guide is all you need. Here, we will take you on the run down to the coffee roasting process using the best coffee roasters in Toronto.

Things you must know before you start roasting

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  1. The process of coffee roasting might produce smoke. This is especially true when you like chaff and dark roasts. The aroma is different from brewing coffee.
  1. Chaff- It is a skin that covers the unroasted green coffee. When you roast the coffee, the chaff dries and separates itself from the beans. Also, you must remove the chaff from the coffee beans before starting the process of roasting.

Stages of Coffee Roasting

So, before you start with the coffee roasting and practise the process to fall in the list of best Toronto coffee roasters, you must know the different stages the coffee beans will go through.

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The temperature at which you will start roasting is 350 F, and 540 F. Make sure that you keep the beans moving to get the best possible roast. Stay alert and attentive, and do not leave the beans unattended even for a minute.

Stage 1- Drying the beans

The entire process of coffee roasting starts with sucking up all the moisture and drying the beans. It is a time-consuming process, and your beans will turn yellow during this stage.

 Drying the beans

Stage 2- Browning the beans

The beans will start turning brown at this stage. From turning tan to light brown, this happens because the sugar starts reacting with the amino acids.

Browning the beans

Stage 3- First crack

The first crack takes place when the beans reach at 380 degrees F. This may take from three to fifteen minutes to start and should last in between one to three minutes. The steam that is created inside due to the evaporating moisture crack the beans from the inside.

First crack

Stage 4- Second crack

The second crack usually happens after 15 seconds to 2 minutes after the first crack at a temperature of 435 degrees F. It should sound more crispy as compared to the first crack. Remove the beans right when you see them reaching a colour you want.

Second crack

Depending on the type of roasting methods, you might find it difficult to hear the cracks. Just remember that you have to keep watching for the colour.

Wrapping it up:

You can use a home coffee roaster and make the best coffee in Toronto or wherever you live. The process of roasting coffee is pretty much easy to follow, but a bit messy. However, the process is different, depending on the type of roaster you choose.

Start by getting familiar with the process and roast your coffee in the best possible way.